With many visitors expected at the state’s lakes, streams and reservoirs this July 4 weekend, the State Water Board is advising the public to check water quality websites before they — or their pets — take a swim.
Recent water quality monitoring shows that certain sites along the lower American River have elevated levels of E. coli bacteria posing a risk to recreational users. Recreational visitors are encouraged to check the latest E. coli levels before heading out to the river by visiting the new online map or following the CA Water Boards on Twitter.
The Central Valley Water Board is conducting weekly monitoring in the American River and the lower segment of Steelhead Creek. The latest E. coli results for Tiscornia Beach, Discovery Park, Sutter’s Landing Regional Park and Steelhead Creek are above the EPA’s recommended Recreational Water Quality Criteria.
E. coli is an indicator bacteria used to identify fecal pollution from human, pet, livestock or wildlife waste. Most strains of E. coliare harmless, however, some kinds of E. coli can cause diarrhea, while others cause urinary tract infections, respiratory illness and pneumonia, and other illnesses, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The State Water Board is also reminding the public to be mindful of harmful algal blooms (HABs) and to practice healthy water habits, such as keeping pets away, if they see one.
The California State and Regional Water Boards have been conducting targeted sampling at some of the state’s most visited lakes and streams that have a history of HABs. This sampling was part of a collaborative effort with other state and local agencies to gather data and share it with the public. Those agencies included the California Department of Water Resources, Klamath Basin Monitoring Program, East Bay Regional Parks, Elem Indian Colony, Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians, and others.
“Being aware of the conditions at your local waterbody before heading out to recreate is important to keeping you and your pets healthy this 4th of July weekend, and anytime during these hot summer days when HABs can be present,” said State Water Board Vice Chair Steven Moore. “The State Water Board thanks local agencies and groups for working together to identify HABs and keep the public informed on how to safely recreate.”
Algae and cyanobacteria, the organisms that cause HABs, have existed for billions of years as essential components of freshwater ecosystems. But when certain conditions favor their growth – such as warm temperatures, stagnant water flows and excessive nutrient inputs – they can multiply very rapidly creating “blooms.” These blooms can produce toxins, and taste and odor compounds, that pose health risks to humans and animals. When blooms pose a risk, they are referred to as harmful algal blooms (HABs).
Cyanotoxins and algal toxins pose risks to the health and safety of people and pets, drinking water, and recreating in water bodies affected by blooms. They can also accumulate in fish and shellfish to levels posing threats to people and wildlife. Symptoms of HAB-related illness in people and animals are available from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and by contacting the California Poison Control Center (1-800-222-1222).
Pets, especially dogs, are susceptible to HABs because they swallow more water while swimming and playing in the water. They are also less deterred by green, smelly water that may contain HABs. Animals can experience symptoms within minutes of exposure to the toxins. In the worst cases, animals have died. If your pet experiences these symptoms after exposure, contact your veterinarian immediately.
It is important to distinguish cyanobacteria/HABs from green algae and other non-toxic water plants that are not thought to pose potential hazards to health. HABs can be a variety of colors such as green, white, red or brown and may look like thick paint floating on the water. Cyanobacteria blooms have a grainy, sawdust-like appearance of individual colonies.
For help identifying a HAB, check out this visual guide fact sheet available on the CA HABs Portal here: https://mywaterquality.ca.gov/habs/what/visualguide_fs.pdf
For more information, visit: California Harmful Algal Blooms Portal at http://www.mywaterquality.ca.gov/habs/